Service Discovery & Load Balancing

When your app is up and running, you need a way to send traffic to it, from other applications on the same cluster, and from external clients.

There are several ways to do this:

  • Mesos-DNS provides service discovery through the domain name system (DNS).
  • Marathon-lb provides port-based service discovery using HAProxy, a lightweight TCP/HTTP proxy.

For a detailed description of how ports work in Marathon, see Networking.

Note: While Marathon accepts dots in application names, names with dots can prevent proper service discovery behavior. If you intend to use a service discovery mechanism, you should not put dots in your application name.

Mesos-DNS

Mesos-DNS generates an SRV record for each Mesos task (including Marathon application instances) and translates these records to the IP address and port on the machine currently running each application.

Mesos-DNS is particularly useful when:

  • apps are launched through multiple frameworks (not just Marathon).
  • you are using an IP per container solution like Project Calico.
  • you use random host port assignments in Marathon.

See the Mesos-DNS documentation and tutorials page for further information.

Service name length limitations

According to RFC 1035 DNS labels are limited to 63 characters. Mesos-DNS will append a random 9-character long string to your service name. This means that your service name length must be less than or equal to 54 characters in order to have SRV records generated correctly.

To check that your SRV records were successfully generated, you can use dig command, for example: text dig _nginx-12345._tcp.marathon.mesos SRV Correct output will look like this: ```text ;; QUESTION SECTION: ;_nginx-12345._tcp.marathon.mesos. IN SRV

;; ANSWER SECTION: _nginx-12345._tcp.marathon.mesos. 60 IN SRV 0 0 80 nginx-12345-eq1m3-s1.marathon.mesos. _nginx-12345._tcp.marathon.mesos. 60 IN SRV 0 0 80 nginx-12345-9umtc-s1.marathon.mesos. _nginx-12345._tcp.marathon.mesos. 60 IN SRV 0 0 80 nginx-12345-4c3em-s1.marathon.mesos.

;; ADDITIONAL SECTION: nginx-12345-9umtc-s1.marathon.mesos. 60 IN A 10.0.6.43 nginx-12345-4c3em-s1.marathon.mesos. 60 IN A 10.0.6.43 nginx-12345-eq1m3-s1.marathon.mesos. 60 IN A 10.0.6.43 ```

Marathon-lb

An alternative way to implement service discovery is to run a TCP/HTTP proxy on each host in the cluster and transparently forward connections to the static service port on localhost to the dynamically assigned host/port combinations of the individual Marathon application instances (running Mesos tasks). Clients simply connect to the well-known defined service port and do not need to know the implementation details of discovery. This approach is sufficient if all apps are launched through Marathon.

Marathon-lb is a Dockerized application that includes both HAProxy an application that uses Marathon’s REST API to regenerate the HAProxy configuration. It supports advanced functionality like SSL offloading, sticky connections, and VHost based load balancing, allowing you to specify virtual hosts for your Marathon applications.

When using marathon-lb, note that it is not necessary to set requirePorts to true, as described in the networking documentation.

For more information, see the Marathon-lb repository or refer to the marathon-lb documentation on the Mesosphere site.